ISSN 1612-3352

Editors in Chief

Prof. Dr. Claus F. Claussen, Neurootological Research Institute of the Research Society for Smell, Taste, Hearing and Equilibrium Disorders at Bad Kissingen (4-G-F). Bad Kissingen, Germany.
Dr. med. Julia M. Bergmann,
Dr. med. Guillermo O. Bertora,
Otoneuroophthalmological Neurophysiology,
Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Production Managers

Dr. med. Julia M. Bergmann,
Dr. med. Guillermo O. Bertora,
Otoneuroophthalmological Neurophysiology,
Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Associated Editors

The editors welcome authors to submit articles for publications in the ASN.

Read the Information for Authors.

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Opening of the pre-congress symposium of the 31st nes-congress at bad kissingen


The International Neurootological and Equilibriometric Society, which has settled since 1974 at Bad Kissingen, Germany, is welcoming all of our guests from around the world. This year we are celebrating the 31st NES-Congress and especially the Pre-Congress Symposium in honour of our dear friend Prof. Antonio Cesarani from Milan and Sassari, Italy. Not only within our living group of neurootologists, who gather here since a whole generation after 1974, but also in the city many personal stories, between more or less important have been built up around Bad Kissingen and the NES.

The way the city started in Bad Kissingen is a bit of a mystery and historians do not really agree on when really the city’s earliest history began. There is a talk of “Chizzicha” and the famous salt-springs, which were first mentioned in written records in 801 B.C., but it was until 300 years later, that Bad Kissingen took its place in the history books. In those days Bad Kissingen was not yet called Kissingen, but rather “Ketziche”. This means a small town on the Franconian River Saale. Many stories, some sad, some amusing, make Bad Kissingen’s history become alive. There is said to have been a legendary “Bee-Battle” during the 30 years war. During this war the citizens of Kissingen used bee hives to put the enemy to flight at the town gate.

Next there is the story of the first proper spa-guest Dietrich von Thüngen, who in 1520 changed Bad Kissingen’s fate forever. The therapeutic springs, which until then had been used for salt production, turned Bad Kissingen into a spa-town. From there on Bad Kissingen became world famous, first because of the therapeutical effects of its salt-springs and secondly because of its charm.

The spa-resort on the banks of the river Saale has long being host to the most famous people of their time. Above all others, of course, the emperors and empresses and the royal majesties in the 18th and 19th century. During this epoch the whole of the European aristocracy met in Bad Kissingen for a summer break. Amongst others many kings, the king of Bavaria, the Tsar of Russia and even Empress Elisabeth from Austria, the famous “Empress Sisi”, enjoyed Bad Kissingen’s relaxed, elegant atmosphere. Again and again Prince Otto von Bismarck would relocate his political business at short notice to Bad Kissingen.

But it were also writers, musicians and artists from around the world, who have been drawn to Bad Kissingen, like for instance George Bernard Shaw, Theodor Fontane, Gioachino Rossini and Leo Tolstoi who were captivated and inspired by Bad Kissingen.

And even today Bad Kissingen remains the favourite spa-resort of famous people from all over the world. Neil Armstrong, Marlene Dietrich, many of Germany’s post-war presidents, guests from the world of politics, from art, culture and from business loved to return to Bad Kissingen time after time and many still do so, like the members of the NES.

Bad Kissingen now has organized a summer music festival (Kissinger Sommer), a drama festival (Kissinger Theatertage) and a winter magic (Kissinger Winterzauber).

Be our guest on a romantic tour and experience a town, which is very special. Bad Kissingen combines the modern with the traditional, lively culture with spa-events and the future with the past.

We started with many NES-Meetings at the focal point and symbol of Bad Kissingen, the magnificent Regentenbau. Timeless and classical style it dominates the town’s profile. It was officially opened in 1913. It stands next to the promenade hall (Wandelhalle) and the spring hall (Brunnenhalle). The guests are enjoying the spa-gardens with water fountains and fabulous blossoms. The 3 spas around here are the “Pandur”, “Rakoczy” and “Max Therapeutic Spring Waters”. When entering the roses-garden in summer it is blossom heaven with its imposing fountains. When standing on the Ludwig’s-Bridge above the river Saale you can still feel as if you were in the middle of the town, yet you will see only greenery and nature.

From the roses-garden a short stroll brings you into Bad Kissingen’s old town. On the market square, the magnificent old town hall (Altes Rathaus) dominates the town’s profile. This was the hap of the town’s life from 1577 onwards. But today this renaissance building is a center of modern art, culture, exhibitions and concerts and is also home to the tourist information office.
The politics of the city now are run in the new town hall, which was once a palace, the Lochner-Häuslein’sches Schloss. Since 1929 its magnificent rooms, which are still more or less in the original state, are a perfectly appropriate setting for meetings of the town parliament and other important decision making bodies.

This Friday, mArch 26th, 2004, we are invited, as members of the NES, to be guests of the city, of the Lord-Major, the city council and the director of the spa.

There is hardly a sport or leisure activity, which you cannot perform in Bad Kissingen and in the surrounding area.

Since early 2004 swimmers and lovers of a wellness spa are welcome in our new “KisSalis”-Spa.

Keen golfers can practice the “sport of kings” in particularly delightful, idyllic surroundings. Right beside the Franconian river Saale you will find one of the oldest and most beautiful golf courses of all Germany.
Tennis, Squash and Badminton also have an established place in Bad Kissingen’s leisure program.
If you prefer more gentle activities, you can go fishing or horse riding, play mini-golf, or explore some of the 82 km of hiking trails. Shooting, boxing and gliding are just as much at home here as swimming or cycling.

In the winter ice-skating and ice-hockey will lure even those, who dislike the cold out from besides the fire. As Bad Kissingen is positioned in the very center of Europe all roads lead to Bad Kissingen.

By train the Bad Kissingen station can be reached via Würzburg/Schweinfurt, Fulda or Gemünden. The intercity-express-stations of Würzburg and Fulda can be reached from any part of the Deutsche Bahn AG (German Railways) network.

By car Bad Kissingen can be reached comfortably from the North and the South via the Autobahn A7, Rhön-Autobahn (Kassel-Würzburg), from the west via the B287 and from the east via the A70 (Bamberg-Schweinfurt).

If you prefer to travel by plane, you can fly directly to Bad Kissingen Air-Field. However, only with small planes up to 3000 kg. If you use regular airlines the major airports close to Bad Kissingen are Frankfurt and Nürnberg. We are very cordially inviting you to be our guests at the charming center of neurootology at Bad Kissingen. The organisatory center of the NES is within foot-walking distance south of the spa-place and the Regentenbau at the Kurhausstr. 12 or at the riverside entrance from the Saale from the Lindesmühlpromenade. Here is our office, our library and our secretary. From here we are organising the worldwide polygon of neurootologists.

Please be welcomed at Bad Kissingen in Lower Franconia, Germany.



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