ISSN 1612-3352

Editors in Chief

Prof. Dr. Claus F. Claussen, Neurootological Research Institute of the Research Society for Smell, Taste, Hearing and Equilibrium Disorders at Bad Kissingen (4-G-F). Bad Kissingen, Germany.
Dr. med. Julia M. Bergmann,
Dr. med. Guillermo O. Bertora,
Otoneuroophthalmological Neurophysiology,
Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Production Managers

Dr. med. Julia M. Bergmann,
Dr. med. Guillermo O. Bertora,
Otoneuroophthalmological Neurophysiology,
Buenos Aires, Argentina.


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Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials in herpes zoster oticus

Abstract

Objective/Hypothesis: This study aims to analyze which division of vestibular nerve in the internal auditory canal is responsible for inducing vertigo in patients with herpes zoster oticus (HZO).
Methods: Eight patients (three men and five women) suffered from auricular vesicles, otalgia, and facial palsy, and five of them accompanied by vertigo. Each patient received a battery of tests, including neurological examination, blood examination, audiometry, caloric test, electronystagmography, and vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) test.
Results: All five HZO patients with vertigo had facial palsy on the lesioned side, and spontaneous nystagmus beating toward the healthy side. Absent VEMPs were noted in five patients, absent caloric response in four, and sensorinueral hearing loss in three. Compared to another three HZO patients without vertigo, all revealed normal responses in both caloric test and VEMP test. On MRI scan, two out of four had abnormal gadolinium enhancement along the nerve segments within the internal auditory canal. Six months post-treatment, follow-up caloric test and VEMP test in these eight patients did not alter the results compared to pre-treatment.
Conclusion: The nerve trunks within the internal auditory canal are widely affected in HZO patients with vertigo. Both superior division and inferior division of the vestibular nerve attribute to the vertiginous attack. Further large number of HZO patients undergoing caloric test and VEMP test are required to support this tentative conclusion.

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